Hanging under eaves, tucked in the cracks on tree bark, hidden in tall grass, spiders and webs can be found nearly everywhere you look in late summer. Not all spiders spin webs, however. Some actively hunt for prey, scurrying over dirt in the garden or ambushing pollinators visiting flowers. Whether wanderers or web weavers, spiders abound in nearly every habitat on Earth, with estimates of one million individuals living in each acre of grassy field. There are about 2,500 spider species in North America, all different and each well adapted to its role as a small but effective predator.
Spiders are arthropods, which means that they have jointed legs and hard exoskeletons, as insects do. Continue reading Spiders: Web-Builders and Wanderers – Background
FOCUS: Spiders come in a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes, but they all share some specific characteristics: two body parts, a hard exoskeleton, eight legs. They all make silk, too, though not all weave webs. Here we take a close look at web spinners and wandering spiders, examine their anatomy, and consider their special adaptations. We’ll learn about their lives as small predators and scout outdoors for spiders and webs.
Objective: To begin to explore and ask questions about spiders.
Give a variety of spiders in small jars (one spider per jar) to children to examine in small groups, and ask what they notice and wonder about them.
Materials: live spiders in clear jars with perforated lids with moist cotton ball and bit of vegetation, only one spider per jar; magnifying lenses.
SPIDERS UP CLOSE
Objective: To observe closely and compare a variety of different live spiders.
A day or two ahead of time, gather a variety of different spiders in jars with perforated lids, only one spider per jar, and include a damp cotton ball plus a piece of vegetation in each jar. Give each small group of children a few different spiders in jars to observe. Continue reading Spiders: Web-Builders and Wanderers – Activities
Characters: Woody Woodchuck. Jud Jumping Spider, Winifred Wolf Spider, Corey Crab Spider, Olivia Orb-weaver
Props: goldenrod flower, gold medal for Orb-weaver
(Spiders file across stage one by one & exit.)
Woody Woodchuck I wonder what’s going on! It’s like a spider parade. (Jumping spider enters) Hello! What are you spiders up to today?
Jud Jumping Spider Hi, Woody Woodchuck. Today’s the Spider Olympics. Bet you’ve never seen so many eight-legged athletes in one place! Continue reading Spiders: Web-Builders and Wanderers – Puppet Show
SPIDERS ALIGNMENT WITH
NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS
The activities in this unit help children understand the basic concepts in the Disciplinary Core Ideas listed here. You can use the following list as a guide for lesson planning. These Disciplinary Core Ideas are taken from Grade Band Endpoints in A Framework for K-12 Science Education. Additionally, our activities give children opportunities to engage in many of the Science and Engineering Practices and reflect on the Crosscutting Concepts as identified in the Next Generation Science Standards. Continue reading Spiders: Web-builders and Wanderers – Standards