Forest Birds – Standards


The activities in this unit help children understand the basic concepts in the Disciplinary Core Ideas listed here. You can use the following list as a guide for lesson planning. These Disciplinary Core Ideas are taken from Grade Band Endpoints in A Framework for K-12 Science Education. Additionally, our activities give children opportunities to engage in many of the Science and Engineering Practices and reflect on the Crosscutting Concepts as identified in the Next Generation Science Standards.

Grades K-2 Disciplinary Core Ideas
LS1A: All organisms have external parts. p.144
LS1C: All animals need food in order to live and grow. They obtain their food from plants or from other animals. p.147
LS2A: Animals depend on their surroundings to get what they need, including food, water, shelter, and a favorable temperature. Animals depend on plants or other animals for food. Animals can move around but plants cannot. p.151
LS2B: Organisms obtain the materials they need to grow and survive from the environment. p.153
LS3A: Organisms have characteristics that can be similar or different. p.158
LS3B: Individuals of the same kind of plant or animal are recognizable as similar but can also vary in many ways. p.160
LS4D: There are many different kinds of living things in any area, and they exist in different places on land and in water. p.166

Grades 3-5 Disciplinary Core Ideas
PS4C: Lenses can be used to make eyeglasses, telescopes, or microscopes in order to extend what can be seen. The design of such instruments is based on understanding how the path of light bends at the surface of a lens. p.137
LS1A: Plants and animals have both internal and external structures that serve various functions in growth, survival, behavior and reproduction. p.144
LS1C: Animals and plants alike generally need to take in air and water, animals must take in food. p.148
LS2A: Organisms are related in food webs in which some animals eat plants for food and other animals eat the animals that eat plants. p.151-152
LS3A: Many characteristics of organisms are inherited from their parents. p.158
LS4D: Scientists have identified and classified many plants and animals. p.167

Grades 6-8 Disciplinary Core Ideas
LS1C: Animals obtain food from eating plants or eating other animals. p.148
LS2A: Organisms and populations of organisms are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors. Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources. In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources; access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction. p.152
LS2B: Food webs are models that demonstrate how matter and energy is transferred between producers (generally plants and other organisms that engage in photosynthesis), consumers, and decomposers as the three groups interact – primarily for food – within an ecosystem. p.153
LS4D: Biodiversity is the wide range of existing life forms that have adapted to the variety of conditions on Earth, from terrestrial to marine ecosystems. p.167


In addition to science content, activities in this unit also can help students to practice the following mathematics and language arts concepts. The Common Core Standards listed here are in addition to the ones that our activities typically address, as listed in the Four Winds document, The Nature Program: Alignment with Learning Standards.

Grades K-2 Common Core Standards
Mathematics Standard K.CC: Count to 100 by ones and tens. Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things.
Mathematics Standard K.CC: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group.
Mathematics Standard 2.OA: Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.
Mathematics Standard 2.MD: Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest 5 minutes, using a.m. and p.m.

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